So why has China imposed restrictions on air space over Diaoyu Islands?
Most have probably heard all the latest headlines; China claims contested airspace over islands, sets defense zone; Defying China, U.S. bombers fly into East China Sea zone; China Says Monitored Defiant US Bomber Flights; China media urges countermeasures against Japan planes; China scrambles jets to new defense zone, eyes U.S., Japan flights…
Who do the Chinese think they are?
Maybe this will explain a little.
1873 Japan invades and takes the Ryukyu Islands, now known as Okinawa; At the end of the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) the Qing court signed the Shimonoseki Treaty that included the surrender of Taiwan (Diaoyu Islands were under jurisdiction of Taiwan), the Liaodong Peninsula, the Pescadores islands, relinquish China’s control of Korea and pay a reparation of 200,000,000 taels to Japan.
Russia leading the Triple Intervention due to interests and investments such as the Trans-Siberian railroad along with France and Germany forced Japan to return the Liaodong Peninsula to China for an additional 30,000,000 taels.
The Qing Dynasty signing a treaty of national betrayal and allowing colonialism from Western industrial countries was overthrown in the 1911 Revolution.
The Japanese Empire main goal was to conquer East Asia, and had been at war with China up to 1937 and throughout WWII. In 1945 Japan surrendered to China, the US, Russia and their allies, this was an unconditional surrender that abolished all Sino-Japanese treaties including the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
After Japans surrender new Declarations and Proclamations were declared:
The Cairo Declaration- The Three Great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansion. It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first World War in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and The Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China. Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed. The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.
With these objects in view the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will continue to persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan. (FN: 132)
The Potsdam Proclamation-
(1) We-the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, representing the hundreds of millions of our countrymen, have conferred and agreed that Japan shall be given an opportunity to end this war.
(2) The prodigious land, sea and air forces of the United States, the British Empire and of China, many times reinforced by their armies and air fleets from the West, are poised to strike the final blows upon Japan. This military power is sustained and inspired by the determination of all the Allied Nations to prosecute the war against Japan until she ceases to exist.
(3) The result of the futile and senseless resistance to the might of the aroused free peoples of the world stands forth in awful clarity as an example to the people of Japan. The might that now converges upon Japan is immeasurably greater than that which, when applied to the resisting Nazis, necessarily laid waste to the lands, the industry and the method of life of the whole German people. The full application of our military power, backed by our resolve, will mean the inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland.
(4) The time has come for Japan to decide whether she will continue to be controlled by those self-willed militaristic advisors whose unintelligent calculations have brought the Empire of Japan to the threshold of annihilation, or whether she will follow the path of reason.
(5) Following are our terms. We will not deviate from them. There are no alternatives. We shall brook no delay.
(6) There must be eliminated for all time the authority and influence of those who have deceived and mislead the people of Japan into embarking on a world conquest. We insist that a new order of peace, security and justice will be impossible until irresponsible militarism is driven from the world.
(7) Until such a new order is established and until there is convincing proof that Japan’s war-making power is destroyed, points in Japanese territory to be designated by the Allies shall be occupied to secure the achievement of the basic objectives we are here setting forth.
(8) The terms of the Cairo declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine.
(9) The Japanese military forces, after being completely disarmed, shall be permitted to return to their homes with the opportunity to lead peaceful and productive lives.
(10) We do not intend that the Japanese shall be enslaved as a race or destroyed as a nation, but stern justice shall be meted out to all war criminals, including those who have visited cruelties upon our prisoners. The Japanese government shall remove all obstacles to the revival and strengthening of democratic tendencies among the Japanese people. Freedom of speech, of religion and of thought as well as respect for the fundamental human rights shall be established.
(11) Japan shall be permitted to maintain such industries as will sustain her economy and permit the exaction of just reparations in kind. but not those which would enable her to rearm for war. To this end, access to, as distinguished from control of, raw materials shall be permitted. Eventual Japanese participation in world trade relations shall be permitted.
(12) The occupying forces of the Allies shall be withdrawn from Japan as soon as those objectives have been accomplished and there has been established in accordance with the freely expressed will of the Japanese people a peacefully inclined and responsible government.
(13) We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces, and to provide proper and adequate assurances of their good faith in such action. The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.
Article Eight emphaphasizes that – “The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the Islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine.”
The Mikado of Japan accepted the Potsdam Proclamation and surrendered unconditionally on August 15th 1945.
Joint Communique of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China – September 29, 1972
Take note of number 3.-” The Government of the People’s Republic of China reiterates that Taiwan is an inalienable part of the territory of the People’s Republic of China. The Government of Japan fully understands and respects this stand of the Government of the People’s Republic of China, and it firmly maintains its stand under Article 8 of the Postsdam Proclamation.”
Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka of Japan visited the People’s Republic of China at the invitation of Premier of the State Council Chou En-lai of the People’s Republic of China from September 25 to September 30, 1972. Accompanying Prime Minister Tanaka were Minister for Foreign Affairs Masayoshi Ohira, Chief Cabinet Secretary Susumu Nikaido and other government officials.
Chairman Mao Tse-tung met Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka on September 27. They had an earnest and friendly conversation.
Prime Minister Tanaka and Minister for Foreign Affairs Ohira had an earnest and frank exchange of views with Premier Chou En-lai and Minister for Foreign Affairs Chi Peng-fei in a friendly atmosphere throughout on the question of the normalization of relations between Japan and China and other problems between the two countries as well as on other matters of interest to both sides, and agreed to issue the following Joint Communique of the two Governments:
Japan and China are neighbouring countries, separated only by a strip of water with a long history of traditional friendship. The peoples of the two countries earnestly desire to put an end to the abnormal state of affairs that has hitherto existed between the two countries. The realization of the aspiration of the two peoples for the termination of the state of war and the normalization of relations between Japan and China will add a new page to the annals of relations between the two countries.
The Japanese side is keenly conscious of the responsibility for the serious damage that Japan caused in the past to the Chinese people through war, and deeply reproaches itself. Further, the Japanese side reaffirms its position that it intends to realize the normalization of relations between the two countries from the stand of fully understanding “the three principles for the restoration of relations” put forward by the Government of the People’s Republic of China. The Chinese side expresses its welcome for this.
In spite of the differences in their social systems existing between the two countries, the two countries should, and can, establish relations of peace and friendship. The normalization of relations and development of good-neighborly and friendly relations between the two countries are in the interests of the two peoples and will contribute to the relaxation of tension in Asia and peace in the world.
1. The abnormal state of affairs that has hitherto existed between Japan and the People’s Republic of China is terminated on the date on which this Joint Communique is issued.
2. The Government of Japan recognizes that Government of the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal Government of China.
3. The Government of the People’s Republic of China reiterates that Taiwan is an inalienable part of the territory of the People’s Republic of China. The Government of Japan fully understands and respects this stand of the Government of the People’s Republic of China, and it firmly maintains its stand under Article 8 of the Postsdam Proclamation.
4. The Government of Japan and the Government of People’s Republic of China have decided to establish diplomatic relations as from September 29, 1972. The two Governments have decided to take all necessary measures for the establishment and the performance of the functions of each other’s embassy in their respective capitals in accordance with international law and practice, and to exchange ambassadors as speedily as possible.
5. The Government of the People’s Republic of China declares that in the interest of the friendship between the Chinese and the Japanese peoples, it renounces its demand for war reparation from Japan.
6. The Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China agree to establish relations of perpetual peace and friendship between the two countries on the basis of the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit and peaceful co-existence.
The two Governments confirm that, in conformity with the foregoing principles and the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, Japan and China shall in their mutual relations settle all disputes by peaceful means and shall refrain from the use or threat of force.
7. The normalization of relations between Japan and China is not directed against any third country. Neither of the two countries should seek hegemony in the Asia-Pacific region and each is opposed to efforts by any other country or group of countries to establish such hegemony.
8. The Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China have agreed that, with a view to solidifying and developing the relations of peace and friendship between the two countries, the two Governments will enter into negotiations for the purpose of concluding a treaty of peace and friendship.
9. The Government of Japan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China have agreed that, with a view to further promoting relations between the two countries and to expanding interchanges of people, the two Governments will, as necessary and taking account of the existing non-governmental arrangements, enter into negotiations for the purpose of concluding agreements concerning such matters as trade, shipping, aviation, and fisheries.
Done at Peking, September 29, 1972
Prime Minister of Japan
Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan
Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China
Minister for Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China
So the real questions should be; what would we be doing in their shoes? Who does the US think it is flying bombers and provoking yet more conflict all the way over in the East China Sea?
Emperialism and hegemony over the entire planet, Murder Incorporated; it has never turned out so well for those countries that have pursued this in the past.
Bankrupt nation printing funny money, government to be broke and shutting down again next month, all the while building 13 billion dollar aircraft carriers and endless weapons of mass destruction on a conquest to rule the world; does it make sense to anyone?
Highly recommended reading below two links.
The Diaoyu Islands
By going through the relevant provisions of the Convention on the Continental Shelf which came into force in 1964 and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea adopted in 1982, the Diaoyu Islands and Taiwan Province form part of the same geological structure. The Diaoyu Islands, together with Taiwan Province, Penghu and the Zhoushan Archipelago (舟山群岛) are all located on the natural extension of the same continental shelf, and are separated by a 2,000 feet deep trench from the Ryukyu Islands, which are, at present, under the jurisdiction of the Japanese. According to the internationally recognized principle of the Convention on the Continental Shelf, “sovereignty of the islands located on the same continental shelf belongs to the said country.” Since China enjoys the sovereignty of the entire East China Sea (中国东海) continental shelf, hence naturally, China also enjoys sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands.
So, whether judging from the Possession of Discovery or the “Cairo Declaration” and the “Potsdam Proclamation” as well as the “Convention on the Continental Shelf” and “UN Convention on the Law of the Sea”, both of which took effect since the 1960s, China’s sovereignty over Diaoyu Islands is generally acknowledged and beyond dispute.
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